Our team of expert surgeons is headed by Dr. Arthur Johnson III. He has hands on experience in managing dental issues which affect teeth, mouth and facial regions. Our expertise lies in handling oral and maxillofacial surgery. Furthermore, we have the full scope of treatments for mouth surgeries which include extractions, sedation dentistry, dental implants, sinus grafts, bone grafts, etc.
For people with missing teeth, we recommend performing dental implant surgeries. Whether you are looking for wisdom tooth removal or sensitive extractions, we have the provision of every oral surgery in our dental facilities. Whatever is your reason for considering mouth surgery, we always endeavor to achieve great results. Read to explore more about wisdom tooth extractions, implants, bone grafts and other complicated mouth surgeries in detail below!
Tooth extraction is a procedure that involves removing the diseased tooth that cannot be treated by other conservative methods, to avoid serious infections. Tooth extraction or surgical can be simple. The most common procedure used for extraction of teeth is simple extraction. If excessive force for tooth extraction is necessary to extract the tooth, or a substantial part of the tooth crown and root access failure becomes difficult, then surgical tooth extraction is recommended.
Reasons for extracting teeth
There are numerous reasons why dental extractions are recommended Here you can find some of them listed:-
- Broken teeth, parties, fractured, affected by dental caries that cannot be rebuilt;
- In cases of advanced periodontitis, cysts, complicated sinusitis;
- The teeth are badly positioned or oriented incorrectly and cannot recover orthodontic techniques;
- Impacted teeth;
- Tooth extraction in the orthodontic purpose.
This type of dentistry makes use of pharmacological agents to calm and relax before or during a dental appointment. The pharmacological agents are usually sedatives, which are mostly used to depress the nervous system. The sedative makes the patient feel drowsy. The patient should be accompanied by a responsible adult. Our doctors and his team will perform all the necessary dental treatment. The patient, though relaxed and drowsy, will be responsive to all the questions or requests. When the process is complete, the patient is awakened and doesn’t remember much of the treatment.
When a tooth is lost the specialized bony process that houses the tooth begins to reabsorb due to lack of stimulation. This causes a decrease in width and height of the bone in the area the tooth is lost. Neighboring teeth and opposing teeth begin to move into the space. This causes food lodgment, subsequent decay, gum disease and abnormal forces being transmitted to teeth leading to fracture of cusps which may necessitate root canal treatment or extraction. Loss of teeth can also cause the cheek and lips to collapse giving an aged look.
Sinus graft is a surgery performed to add bone to help replace a missing back tooth in the upper jaw. Tooth loss may lead to shrinkage of jaw bone in the maxillary sinus floor. A dental implant surgery requires enough bone volume to hold the implant. Sinus graft is a complex surgery where a lateral opening is made and the soft skin of the maxillary sinus is separated from the bone in order to build the bone using substitute material. The process requires exceptional skills from the dentist.
Extraction of a tooth causes resorption of the supporting bone. Bone resorption causes a 40-60% decrease in its width during the first three years following extraction. Bone resorption occurs at the expense of the outer plate of bone reducing the width of bone. Then overtime the height of bone is reduced. This becomes critical for anterior implants where ideal aesthetics, phonetics and function is desired. In the upper jaw following extraction the sinus floor begins to expand further decreasing the available bone to place implants in the posterior maxilla. In the lower jaw the mandibular nerve runs in the bone limiting the length of the implant placed.
Bone Grafting can be used as a socket preservation procedure when it is placed following extraction of a tooth or to augment an atrophied or reabsorbed site.
The specialty oral and maxillofacial pathology is concerned with diagnosis and study of the causes and effects of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial region. It is sometimes considered to be a specialty of dentistry and pathology.